NEW NOW: CRITICAL, SPECULATIVE AND FICTIONAL

準現實:推測設計與時空重構 展

10/10/2020–15/11/2020

The theoretical design concept was published in Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction, and Social Dreaming. Following the framework proposed by the author Dunne & Raby, the New Now exhibition advocates that people’s attention to speculative design should focus on its nature that makes the design more abundant in reading. It can be applied to all design objects. It is an ideological system that crosses media and formal fields, allowing the design to be independent and become a dialectical object like novels and movies. The exhibition further proposes the understanding of contemporary design. The trend of new minimalism in international visual communication represents that design is moving from decoration to information, from interpretation to description, and the existence of speculation is to promote the transformation of design from “packaging” to The positive factor of “content” initiates our discussion of “pure design”.

推測設計概念於《推測設計:設計、想像與社會夢想》一書正式發表,依循作者 Dunne & Raby 提出的架構,《準現實》展覽主張人們對推測設計的關注應著眼於它使設計的閱讀內涵更加豐厚的性質,可實踐於所有設計物,是跨媒材、與形式領域的思想體系,讓設計得以自主,成為如小說、電影般可被辯證的客體。展覽更進一步提出對當代設計的理解,國際視覺溝通新極簡主義的趨勢,代表設計正從裝飾走向訊息、從詮釋走向描述,而推測性的存在,即是推動設計從「包裝」轉變為「內容」的積極因子,啟動我們對「純設計」的探討。

Beyond Reality: The Radical Imagination of Speculative Design 現實之外:推測設計的基進想像
We all live in reality. Such reality consists of our perspectives towards the world. Individuals and the collective society alike are faced with predicaments that oftentimes derive from problems neglected or unclarified. The crux remains unidentified because we tend to understand the conditions we're in through a set of established perspectives.

Since the Industrial Revolution, design is regarded as the creation of objects to solve problems in human daily lives. But what if the object of design is reality itself? How can we design reality then?

British designers Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby introduced the concept of speculative design in Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction and Social Dreaming, a book published in 2013. Speculation means to conceive of what differences there'd be if the world was unlike the one we're in.

During the process of speculation, designers imagine the world according to a set of theoretical hypotheses. By doing so, designers make sense of underlying issues and further examine how reality operates.

Speculation is not merely imaginative. It is also critical. Design works with speculativeness assert questions and discontent against reality. The object of speculative design is unreality which is non-existing yet possible. To explore and demonstrate the possibility of unreality, designers reconstruct time and space, turning the unseen to be seen. Through fiction, we not only perceive the possibilities of a different world but more importantly, we attempt to elaborate on certain possibilities that we aspire to achieve through the realization of speculations.

Speculative design raises questions about the world and reshapes the common perception of design. It also offers guidance in responding to predicaments in reality. Between reality and fiction, a quasi-reality is formed where we can break free of established perspectives, rethink the present, and contemplate the future.

The society is infested with invisible problems. Rigid social structures enable oppression to live in the unconscious. New Now is an exhibition that argues, issues can be reached by means of speculative design. Being in the relations between our internal worlds and the environment, we shall all examine the status quo of our society outside the box.

Imaginations are often radical, discouraged always, sometimes even prohibited. However, imaginations lay the groundwork for changes inarguably. Faced with a pressing reality, by virtue of speculating outcomes of various situations, the aims of further actions are clarified.

Speculative design is the manifestation of human agency. It shakes the established present, enabling us to discover possibilities for change. Noted the significance, design becomes a way of practice of ethics. Through speculation, we probe deep into society through ethical gestures and unveil supplementary options beyond reality.

Huai-An Hsing
M.A., Institute of Philosophy of Mind and Cognition,
National Yang-Ming University
我們都活在現實中,現實由理解世界的觀點構成。從個人生命到集體社會,我們面臨的困境有許多來自問題被忽視,或無法釐清。之所以難以發現癥結,往往是因為我們以既定觀點理解自身或社會的境況。

自工業革命以來,設計被視為製造物件以解決人類生活問題的活動。但若設計的對象是現實本身,我們可以如何進行設計?

英國設計師 Anthony Dunne 與 Fiona Raby 在 2013 年的《推測設計:設計、想像與社會夢想》一書中,提出設計具有推測的功能。推測指的是,去設想世界如果不是現在這個樣子,會有什麼不同。

在推測的過程裡,設計者根據特定理論,設定假想的條件,想像在這樣的前提下,世界可能演變出什麼結果,藉此梳理這些條件背後的原則有何潛在議題,進而檢視現實的運作。

推測不只是想像的,也是批判的。具有推測性的設計,對現實提出質疑與不滿。推測設計以不存在卻可能的非現實為對象。為了探索、呈現非現實的可能性,設計者重構時空,讓不可見成為可見。藉由虛構,我們不僅察覺可能發生的世界;更重要的是,在將推測具體化的同時,我們也試圖闡明何種可能是我們希望達到的。

推測設計對世界提出疑問,重塑人們對設計的理解;也為如何面對現實的困境,提供行動的指引。形塑出介於現實與虛構的「準現實」(quasi-reality),讓我們在既定觀點之外,重新思索當下,構想未來。

社會充斥不可見的問題,僵固的結構讓壓迫潛藏於無意識。《準現實》(new now)展旨在論證推測設計如何作為方法,觸及議題。在人與自我、環境的關係中,跳出框架審視社會的現狀。

想像常是基進的(radical),我們往往不被鼓勵、甚至不被允許想像。然而,想像實為改變的前提。面對眼前的現實,設想不同作為的後果,才能釐清行動的目的。

推測設計是人類能動性的展現,動搖了既定的現在,讓我們發現改變的可能。在這樣的意義下,設計成為一種實踐倫理的方式。透過推測,我們將倫理的探針伸進社會的肌理,揭示現實之外的其它選項。

邢懷安
陽明大學心智哲學研究所碩士
Curators: Chiao-Wei Ho, Hsing-Kai Peng. Exhibitors: Alice Wang, Cai-Hua Xie, Chia-Yin Wu, Chin-Lin Tu, Guan-Hao Zhu, Kuang-Yi Ku, Paul Gong, Pei-Ying Lin, Pin-Hsun Hsiung, Te-Chen Chuan Sun, Tsung-Shuian Hsieh, Ya-Ching Yang, Yi-Chun Lan, Yi-Ju Lin.

Organizer: TPadd assoc.. Curatorial Direction & Production: digital medicine lab, tuanco.. Foreword: Huai-An Hsing. Visual Design: Chung-Yi Yeh (graphic), Pin-Hsu Chiang (motion). Exhibition Design: tuanco.. Exhibition Production: JKS Studio, uPrint. PR & PM: Yun-Yu Chou. Photography: Darren Huang. Printing: Liu Ying Ming, Wei-Yang Print Plan Agent, Youngerprint Technology Co., Ltd. Special thanks: sunsun museum.
策展人: 何樵暐、彭星凱。參展人: 王艾莉、林沛瑩、林奕儒、朱冠豪、吳佳穎、凃靜林、宮保睿、楊雅晴、熊品勛、謝采樺、謝宗璇、顓孫德媜、藍枻鈞、顧廣毅。

主辦單位: 臺北設計與藝術指導協會。執行團隊: digital medicine lab、圖案室。展覽論述: 邢懷安。主視覺設計: 葉忠宜 (靜態)、江品緒 (動態)。展場與平面設計: 圖案室。專案管理與媒體公關: 周詠郁。展覽工程與製作: 上允設計、uPrint。空間攝影: 黃少柔。印刷製作: 煒揚印刷、漾格科技、劉穎明。特別感謝: 森3。